Updated: Jul 14, 2021
We have lots of plants which we can grow at home like tulsi, marigold, capsicum, tomatoes, spinach, coriander and many more. You can buy the seeds from the market and also from the vegetables which you buy for your daily use.
To grow plants, the very first and utmost important process is the “GERMINATION OF SEEDS”.
What if your seeds do not get germinated? Then it would be a waste of time and resources also. We need to follow certain measures and key points to get your seeds germinated successfully.
Important factors for the seeds germination
1.Quality of seeds
If your seed is old and not of good quality, then after keeping all the measures it won't germinate. To check the quality of seeds, dip your seeds in a bowl of water. Soak them for 10-15 hours, seeds that will get settled at the bottom of the bowl are of good quality and the seeds which are floating at the top layer of the water are of bad quality. So, take the seeds for the planting which are settled down at the bottom of the vessel.
2.From where to buy good quality seeds
a) Kitchen Vegetables
Take the seeds out from the vegetable which you bought for your daily use. Vegetables should be big in size plus they should not be fresh. Take rotten or fully ripped vegetables because seeds of rotten vegetables are mature seeds and plants can be grown from those seeds easily.
You can buy seeds from nearby nurseries. Seeds from nurseries are pocket-friendly and good in quality also. Do check the manufacturing and expiry dates also before buying them.
c) Online (Internet)
You can buy seeds online also, check the reviews, manufacturing, and expiry dates also before buying them.
Seeds available in the market are chemically treated to override the problem of fungus and pests. Plus they germinate faster in comparison to the seeds which are taken from the vegetables.
Generally, Seeds germinate in the temperature range of 15℃ - 20℃. The best seasons for the germination of your seeds are the spring and autumn season. Germination of seeds gets stopped in extreme summers and winters.
You can sow seed in the soil, in coco peat, or in tissue paper. Growing medium matters a lot, it should be soft because seedlings are very soft and delicate. If the soil is dry and hard then after germination, seeds won't be able to come out because they are very soft and delicate. If you are adding your seeds to the soil directly then the soil should not be compact and hard.
You can also germinate your seeds in the coco peat, as coco peat is very soft but coco peat lacks nutrients, so after 10-15 days you will observe that saplings are becoming dull and weak due to lack of enough nutrients.
To overcome this problem we can do two things :
1. You can add any manure, compost to the cocopeat. So that it will have nutrients packed in it.
2. Secondly, add soil mixture in the pot first ( consisting of normal garden soil, sand, and compost, for the exact ratio you can check soil mixture article) then add cocopeat approximately for 1-1.5 inch then add seeds. In this process when the roots of the saplings go down in the soil, then it will absorb enough nutrients and the process of germination would also be fast because of coco peat. Your seedling will be healthy and plus you do not need to shift them in other pots also.
5.How to place the seeds in the Pot
Place the soaked seeds on the coco peat at a distance, just place them no need to press or bury them inside the coco peat. If you keep the seeds at a distance then they will get enough space to germinate properly plus it will become easy at the time of shifting also. Now, cover the seeds with a very thin layer of coco peat.
After that, spray the water nicely, do not use a mug or pipe because the seeds which you have placed generously will get disturbed. There might be chances of overwatering also. If you do not have a spray bottle then keep your pot in the container filled with water, soil will absorb water according to the requirement through the bottom drainage hole. If you are placing your seeds directly in the soil then also follow the same procedure.
6.Duration Of Germination
Seeds can take two to ten days to get germinated. At least wait for 10 days patiently to get your seed germinated. If the seeds are not germinating in ten days also, then there are very rare chances that they will germinate and that's why we need to consider all the factors mentioned above properly.
7.Location of the Pot
In the germination process of seeds, there is no role of sunlight. Let's understand with an example when we make sprouts of chickpeas at home, we just tie them in the wet cloth and keep them aside for a few hours and we observe that sprouts come out easily. It means we do not need any sunlight for the process of sprouting. So, you can keep your pot in a shaded area also.
One more thing, if you are keeping your pot outside on the balcony in the sunlight then also seeds will germinate but there can be some problems. Like, the topsoil of the pot will get dry and you need to spray water again and again. If top soil has become very hot then seeds might get damaged. Generally, we grow seeds during the spring and autumn season, at that time the weather is pleasant. So, it won't affect you much.
When you see the top layer is getting dried, give water. Always, keep it moisturized because if seeds get dried completely then it would not germinate. We should not over water also, it may cause fungus. Coco peat handles the situation well, maintains the water level, and keeps the soil moisturized.
9.Birds and Ants
Flying birds and crawling ants can take away your seeds from the pots. To overcome this, cover your pots from the newspaper for two days. By doing this, your seeds will get covered plus moisturizer will be maintained for a longer duration. You can give water in two days if you are covering your pots with newspaper.
Follow the above tips and make your gardening exciting!!!